How to work emotions in children?

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emotions in children
emotions in children

Emotions reflect our reactions. It is the reflection of a complex state of the organism, which ranges from excitement to disturbance. Children ‘s emotions are even more intense, clearly showing their reactions to external or internal events.

Thus, if all people experience emotions on a daily basis, some are seen more frequently in the little ones. For this reason, working on children’s emotions to better develop their potential is so important.

different types of emotions

We all experience various emotions throughout the day, some of them more complex the older we are. Instead, the basic emotions in children are concentrated in the following:

  • Anger and anger : Anger is a reaction of irritation or fury, while anger is a reaction of indignation when we believe that we feel harmed. Anger demands a more urgent response.
  • Fear : It arises when we perceive a real danger that threatens our physical or mental well-being. The body reacts by mobilizing a large amount of energy, above normal conditions.
  • Sadness : It is triggered when a significant loss is perceived, and in the case of emotions in children, it usually leads to apathy or demotivation.
  • Happiness : Joy, feeling of well-being that allows you to enjoy activities more.
  • Love : Experienced not only towards another person, but also towards animals or objects. Although there are several types of love, these always cause the person who experiences it to have responses of satisfaction and even relaxation.

Because it is not the same to attend to care

Why is it important to work on emotional intelligence in children?

Working on emotions in children must be a continuous and permanent process whose objective is to enhance emotional development as a complement to the cognitive development of children and the construction of their personality .

For this, it is necessary to develop a series of knowledge and skills built on emotions that help the child, and later adolescent and adult, to better face the challenges of daily life.

If emotional intelligence is beneficial for everyone, it is even more so for boys and girls, since it allows us to improve relationships between other people, but also to get to know each other better internally. With this, healthier interpersonal and intrapersonal relationships are developed.

Objectives of working emotions in children

Working on emotions in children has the clear main objective of achieving healthier behaviors . For this, it is sought that people have different tools to know, control and express their own emotions and those of the people around them.

With this, it is sought that emotions do not condition their lives , on the contrary, that they serve to improve their personal and social well-being.

Among many objectives, these are the most important:

  • Have a better understanding of your own emotions.
  • Identify the emotions of others.
  • Being able to control your own emotions.
  • Be aware of the detrimental effects of negative emotions.
  • Manage emotions to self-motivate.
  • Achieve greater emotional competence.
emotions for children

Emotional competencies and the advantages of emotional intelligence in children

Working on emotions in children brings with it many advantages in different areas of children’s lives, and, later, of adults. These range from learning processes (You can read our article Riddles for children to learn and have fun ) interpersonal relationships or problem solving among many others.

For this, a series of skills must be developed :

1. Emotional awareness

It is the ability to become aware of our own emotions and, therefore, the fundamental pillar when working on emotions in children. Although it seems contradictory, to achieve this it is important that children observe the emotions of other people and compare them with their own.

To do this you have to develop:

  • Become aware of your own emotions , identifying them.
  • Naming emotions , using a vocabulary to designate them.
  • Understand the emotions of others and thereby become involved. For example, in comforting a friend when he is sad.
  • Know the relationship between emotion and behavior, and thus be able to correct abnormal reactions.

Becoming aware of one’s own emotions and those of other people is always the basis for building emotional intelligence in children.

2. Emotional regulation

Being aware of their emotions, the child will be able to regulate them, handle them appropriately, facing negative emotions and controlling positive ones.

In this case, aspects such as frustration , anger control , empathy, etc. must be worked on.

For this, different strategies can be applied:

  • Emotional Expression : The ability to express emotions appropriately.
  • Regulating feelings : Knowing that emotions can be regulated, for example, controlling impulsiveness and developing tolerance for frustration (not reacting angrily when immediate rewards).
  • Facing challenges and conflict situations : Not always looking for the easiest solution and resolving conflicts in a healthy way.
  • Competence to self-generate positive emotions : Generate skills to create emotions in children that generate well-being, such as joy and love.
  • Emotional autonomy: Ability to generate own emotions and defend against those that are harmful.
emotional intelligence children

3. Develop relationships with other people

For this reason, good relationships with other people must be established through the development of basic social skills such as respect, practicing receptive communication, sharing emotions, assertiveness or cooperation.

For this, it is essential to adopt appropriate and responsible behaviors that generate satisfaction and well-being, to be able to make responsible decisions and to know how to ask for help or rely on other resources to achieve this well-being.

The advantages of working on emotions in children

It seeks to facilitate interpersonal relationships , because emotions are intertwined in social relationships.

Emotional intelligence in children must therefore have a special role in their development.

Thanks to this, a large number of everyday life situations will be overcome much better, with benefits from an early age such as:

  • Differentiate between feelings and actions.
  • Better behavior in class and other community activities.
  • Greater ability to adequately express anger or negative situations without getting angry.
  • More positive feelings about oneself in the family or at school.
  • stress reduction
  • More responsibility.
  • Less impulsivity.
  • Better understanding of other people’s feelings and empathy.
  • Improved conflict resolution.
  • More positive communication.

Working on emotions in children allows us to achieve better interpersonal relationships while allowing us to internalize many aspects of our own lives and, with all this, favor the personal development of the little ones.