Without a doubt, the number system is one of the most essential ideas in Mathematics. Even the most fundamental issues cannot be solved without a thorough understanding of the number system. This remark emphasizes the significance of the number system. This is why the number system is taught to the students from the lower grades. It has proved to be an essential instrument for achieving high grades in mathematics. Many students have committed their effort to this issue and received excellent grades as a result. The number system demands a great deal of focus. It not only aids in the solution of complicated issues, but it also makes the topic more interesting to the learner.

We deal with numbers daily. Numbers are the foundations of mathematics. There are numbers strewn everywhere. Undefined numbers exist, or they may be said to be infinite. Many numbers have unique characteristics. The teachers make every effort to ensure that the number system is understood by every student. This is because they are well aware that if a student does not have a strong understanding of the number system, the path ahead would be difficult. The number system consists of the numerous numbers required for computation.

This article discusses the various types of numbers that play an instrumental role in various calculations involved in Mathematics. It is critical to know about the various numbers because it helps in simplifying the various calculations.

**Various types of numbers:**

**Odd number:**Odd numbers account for fifty percent of all numbers. Odd numbers are not divisible by two and, when divided by two, leave a remainder. An odd number can never be divided by two to get two equal natural numbers. The lowest odd number is regarded as one. One astonishing characteristic of odd numbers that should be remembered while solving issues involving them is that the sum of two such numbers always yields an even result. A mathematics enthusiast should understand the idea of even and odd numbers since it serves as the foundation for advanced mathematics.**Real numbers:**The particular numbers that can be drawn on the number line are known as real numbers. They include both rational and irrational numbers. It is important to study these numbers.**Complex numbers:**These comprise the numbers that are imaginary and cannot be represented on the number line.**Even numbers:**Even numbers can be divided by two and leave zero as the residue. An even number has the feature of being divisible into two equal pieces. The lowest even number is thought to be two. Even numbers also have the characteristic that the sum of two even numbers is always an even number.**Natural numbers:**This set is used to represent all the counting numbers. Zero is not included in its range. When zero is included in the natural numbers then it becomes the set of whole numbers.**Composite number:**A composite number is defined as a number with at least three components or factors. To readily grasp composite numbers, it is important to understand what a factor is. We must be familiar with the operation division. Factors are solely connected to it. A factor is a number that fully divides another number and leaves no remainder, or a factor is a number that we obtain when a number entirely divides another number and the remainder is zero. A prime number has just two factors since they are numbers split by themselves, and the other number is one. When a number has more than two components, it is said to be composite. A number that can be completely divided by three numbers is known as a composite number.

This article will develop clarity in the minds of the reader about the concepts of the number system. Students can take the help of Cuemath to know more about the different numbers. It is an online platform that helps students clear their doubts related to Mathematics and coding.